Cartagena Geography and History

City Arms Cartagena
Cartagena de Indias is the capital of the Distrito Bolivar,
north of Colombia. It is the 5th biggest city in Colombia with over a million inhabitants. It is mainly a touristic destination to visit the World Heritage sites or lay on one of the various beaches.

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Location and Orientation
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Cartagena faces the Caribbean Sea to the west. To the south is the Cartagena Bay, which has two entrances: Bocachica (Small Mouth) in the south, and Bocagrande (Big Mouth) in the north. The city was built in 2 sections, the inner and the outer town, the inner town includes the ancient city including El Centro and San Diego.

The outer town includes the district of Getsemani, a more modest district. To the South, you can find the more modern (El cheap Miami) districts of Bocagrande, Castillo Grande and El Laguito. These districts are of less interests but still worth a tour for their beaches and nice, relaxed hotels and restaurants.

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Climate
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Typically Caribbean, Cartagena features a tropical wet and averages temperature of 30C all year round. The rainy seasons run typically in April–May and October–November. The climate tends to be hot and windy. The months of November to February tend to be more windy months, giving an extra cooling to the otherwise high tropical temperatures. October and November are the rainiest months and December to April the driest and the best time to plan a visit.

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A short history
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Founded in 1533 by Pedro de Heredia in the former location of the indigenous Caribbean Calamari village. The town was named after Cartagena Spain where most of Heredia's sailors came from.
Besieged by Pirates, the city was finally taken by Francis Drake in 1586 who left against a hefty sum paid by the Spanish crown. As a result, Spanish started building more defenses and the city infrastructure for it not be taken again and for the beautiful remaining visitors enjoy today.

Cartagena played a major part in the emancipation of Colombia from Spain in 1810 and was declared independent on November 11th of 1810. Full independence of Cartagena was gained when Simon Bolivar's troops took over the City on October 1821 after 275 years of Spanish rules.
Cartagena has then prospered to become the touristic and lovely destination it is today filled with incredibly charming streets inside and amazing fortresses outside.
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Cartagena was the center for slave commerce during the XVI and XVIII Centuries in Colombia, it ended in 1801.

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