Páramo in Colombia

The “páramo” is a tropical mountain ecosystem, found from 3.000m of altitude only in certain places of the world. The biggest and most famous one is the Andean páramo, which lies in the mountains between Colombia and the north of Peru.

Colombia hosts the biggest extension of páramo in the world, with a 50% of the total. Páramos are home to an amazing diversity of fauna, some of them endemic. Here you will find animals like the spectacled bear, condor, eagle, deer, fox, owl and lizards.    

Colombia has different kinds of páramos along the Andes Mountain Range and in the Sierra Nevada of Santa Marta. Given the importance of these ecosystems for the country and the region, they’re part of the National System of Protected Areas.

If you’re interested in getting to know the greatness of these lands during your visit to Colombia, here are some of the most important National Parks.

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PNN Chingaza

Only one hour away from Bogotá, you can find the Chingaza National Park, formed by six different páramos. Is an important source of water for the capitol supply, and there you can find the amazing “frailejones”, a typical tree of this lands, as well as vegetation of wetlands.

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PNN El Cocuy

The Cocuy National Park, located between the departments of Boyacá and Arauca, is one of the most amazing destinations in Colombia if you want to visit the páramo and other kind of ecosystems of this territory.

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Flora and Fauna Sanctuary Iguaqué

Also located in Boyacá, is formed by dry páramos, Andean forests and wetlands and is an important source of water for the cities around it. One of its main attractive is the Sacred Lagoon of Iguaqué.

Here you will mostly see “frailejones” and scrublands, and an significant wildlife given that it hasn’t been widely intervened.   

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PNN Los Nevados

Located in the Coffee Region and part of the Tolima department, this Parks boasts one of the most important active volcanoes in Colombia: the Nevado del Ruiz.

Around it and other snow covered peaks there’s typical páramo fauna and flora, and it represents an important source of water for the coffee growers’ activity.  

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PNN Puracé

Located in the south of Colombia, in the departments of Cauca and Huila, the Puracé National Park shelter one of the few group of condors that remains in the region.

Thanks to its high humidity level, this Park is the birth place of three important rivers of Colombia: Magdalena, Cauca and Caquetá.  

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PNN Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta

The tallest peaks of Colombia are located in the Sierra Nevada of Santa Marta. This region also boats the highest mountains at sea shore and four important indigenous ethnic groups.

Although this mountain chain is separated from the Andes; both páramo ecosystems are very similar. You can also find here endemic flora like “frailejones” and fauna like condors and deer.

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