Leticia Geography and History

Leticia from AboveLocation and Orientation

Leticia is the southernmost point of Colombia and an important port of the Amazonas River.

Located in the triple frontier with Peru and Brazil, it is one of the areas with more biodiversity in the region and a perfect place to continue your journey through South America if you’re nature lover backpacker.

Leticia is the most inhabited city of the area with a population of 35.000 approximately and the closest towns or cities to get to by bus are in Brazil.

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Climate

The city is located at 100 meters above sea level in a tropical rainforest ecosystem, so the climate is wet and warm. The wettest month is May and the driest one July with an average temperature between 22o and 30o during the year.

From January to May it’s more possible to find mosquitoes and other type of bugs that come with the rain, but also a more plentiful river and green vegetation.

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A short history

The city was first known as ‘San Antonio’, a Peruvian settlement that was renamed to Leticia in 1867. The rubber exploitation generated a war between Peru and Colombia and after some years of border disputes, in 1922 the area was awarded to Colombia in exchange of territory of the Putumayo region.

This period brought many violence and conflicts with the indigenous groups, who were practically decimated during the 19th century.

During the 20th century, the town experienced an important growth thanks to its role as a center for the fluvial commerce. Around 1940, the government decided to populate Leticia by bringing inhabitants from Bogotá, which caused a diversification in the industries with agriculture and tourism as the main ones nowadays.

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Did you know?

The legend says a Colombian soldier fell in love with an Amerindian woman named Leticia and gave her name to the settlement after her. Some less glamourous people say it could also be named after Saint Leticia.

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