Barranquilla Geography and History

Barranquilla is the capital of the department of Atlántico.

Barranquilla is the 4th most populous city in the country after BogotáMedellín and Cali with a population of 1.2m people. Barranquilla and its metropolitan are, which includes municipalities such as Soledad, Galapa, Malambo, and Puerto Colombia, have a an estimated population of 2.3m people.

Barranquilla is Colombia's biggest port and the most important industrial and shopping center of the Carribean region.

Location and Orientation
 
Barranquilla lies in the northwest of country between Cartagena and Santa Marta.It sits next to the delta of the Magdalena river in the Carribean sea.
 
Climate

Barranquilla's has a tropical climate, it is hot all year with average temperature of 28.4°C . Daytime temperature usually remains around 32°C. It could be slightly cooler from late November to early April due to trade winds. Rainy seasons are from April to June and from August to November.
 
A short history

Barranquilla shield
Barranquilla's foundation dates back to 1629 even if it was only legally established in 1813. It grew into an important port, serving as a haven for immigrants from Europe, Asia and the Middle East (check our Barranquilla restaurants to check the middle eastern influence in the local food).
 
In the end of the 19th century and the opening of Puerto Colombia, Baranquilla's port built 15kms west of the city, the city grew a lot becoming both a fluvial and a sea port. A symbol of this is the construction of Ernesto Cortissoz International Airport in 1919, the first airport in South America.
 
Today Barranquilla is a major industrial centre (oils, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, petroleums..) and its port a hub for the commerce of cotton and coffee. It is also the home of the eponymous festival : the Carnaval de Barranquilla, the city best's ambassador.

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Did you know?

Barranquilla's name comes from the canyons that existed in the sector adjacent to the Magdalena. During the Spanish colonization, the name "barranca" was common in coastal communities (Barranca Nueva, Barranca Vieja etc).

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