Birds in Colombia

Colombia is one of the 17 megadiverse countries in the world, which means that in their territories they congregate the largest number of biodiversity in the planet.

Among this group, Colombia is the country with the largest diversity of birds with around 20% of the earth species. Here, you can watch more than 1.800 different kinds of these amazing animals, and the number keeps increasing.

In many cases, its subsistence is nowadays threatened by activities like wood cutting, indiscriminate hunting and illegal traffic of species. When you visit Colombia, we recommend you to support eco-friendly tourism alternatives, which contribute to the environment and habitat of this beautiful diversity.

Here’s a list of some of the bird’s species you may find around Colombia.

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Andean Condor

Colombia is not the only country were you can get astonished by this carrion specie, the biggest flying bird in the world. You can also find it in every Andean country.  

They’re lonely birds that flight most of the time, so it’s not easy to see them. If you really want to, you can visit places like the PNN Chingaza or PNN Puracé and hope to be lucky.

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Hummingbird

One of the most beautiful and incredible birds that you will see during your visit, is also one of the smallest. Hummingbirds inhabit Central America and the north part of South America and Colombia has an important diversity of sub-species. 

Besides its predominant colors green and bright blue, what’s fascinating about these birds is that they can beat their wings at a speed up to 100 times per second, which allows them to sustain in a same place while flying or move in any direction.

They’re found in any region, between altitudes of 600m to 3.000m, mostly close to flowers where they get the nectar.

=> Near Bogota, don't miss the Jardin Encantado (the enchanted garden) where you can see 23 species of hummingbirds and stand right amongst them.

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Yellow-eared Parrot

This parrot is endemic of the Colombian Andes and it lives in the wax palm, Colombia’s national tree. It’s green and has a yellow stripe in the forehead and around the eyes; you can see it in the Cocora Valley.

Due to the indiscriminate wood cutting of the wax palm that was used for the Christian celebration Palm Sunday it’s endangered of extinction.

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Harpy Eagle

One of the most exotic birds that you can find during your trip to Colombia, only if you’re lucky enough to see it. Is the biggest eagle of the west side of the world and lives in the tropical rainforest of the Amazonía, the north part of Chocó and the Magdalena Valley.

It’s a predatory bird of altitude so it’s not easy to watch, but if you’re a bird passionate, you will be rewarded by this spectacle. 

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Golden-headed Quetzal

You can find most of quetzal birds in Central America, but there are some sub-species in this region and Colombia has 13 of them.

The Golden-headed Quetzal is only found in Colombia, Venezuela and Guyana, in tropical rainforest close to the Caribbean Coast. They characterize for its green and red color, and a long tail with a white part.

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Oropéndola Chocoana (Oriole from Chocó)

It’s and oriole specie endemic of the Colombian Chocó region.

It lives in the tropical rainforest and, even though it’s quite small, it surprises with a strong singing, and big hanging nests (due to which their nickname is backpackers).

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Colombian Woodpecker

A kind of woodpecker that is endemic of the Caribbean Coast region of Colombia. With it strong beak they drill holes to live in trees where and, with the remains of wood, the built nests.

The Colombian specie is distinguished for having a red stripe en the upper part of the head.

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