Flora in Colombia

Of the many surprises Colombia has to offer, few expect it to be a country so rich in flora and, yet, Colombia is the country with the highest rate of species by unit of area in the entire world. Colombia, lest you not believe us, is home to over 130,000 species of plants.
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Flower Valley de Cocora Colombia
Just to put that into a small amount of perspective
, there’s just over 300,000 species of plant in the world, meaning Colombia has almost half of them.


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Really, however, it should come as no surprise that Colombia has such a incredible selection of flora. The stunning diversity of the country includes deserts, 3 mountain ranges, 1,600km of Caribbean coast, Pacific coast and the Colombian Amazon Rainforest. Moreover, the variety of weathers you can experience in Colombia (from barren deserts to snow-capped mountains) means that whatever conditions plant life needs to survive, it’s likely you can find it in Colombia.

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Colourful plant ColombiaColombia also boasts many endemic species of plant, including the national tree, the Wax Palm (or ceroxylon quindiuense) which is only found in the stunning Cocora Valley of Colombia. Others include the vast array of heliconia species. In fact, a massive 10% of the species in the world are native to Colombia.

To witness these endemisms first hand, your best places to visit are the Colombian Amazon Basin, the Catatumbo River basin, the Mid-Magdadena River Basin and the Pacific Coast.

Flowers are one of Colombia’s main exports and the country is one of the top producers in the world (second only to the Netherlands). Over half of the bought flowers in the US are imported from Colombia (most from near Bogotá). You can enjoy the delights of Colombia’s flower industry during the Feria de Las Flores in Medellín, which takes place every year in August.

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Valley de Cocora Giant Palm Tree
If you’re interested in purchasing flowers
while in Bogotá, check out our friend Valentina’s Kharisma Floral (http://www.kharismafloral.net) for some of the finest arrangements in the country.

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=> Watch our best Colombian flowers and plants pictures
=> Colombia is home to the most animal diversity in the world, check our Fauna in Colombia page.

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Did you know?

The "Quindío wax palm" (that you will find in large numbers in the Cocora Valley) are the biggest palm trees in the world (more than 60m tall).

This is the national tree and the symbol of Colombia.

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